32nd Asia Pacific Dental and Oral Health Congress
KMCT Dental College,India
Title: Periodontal-Medicine and an Indigenous Twist to Host Modulation - A New Horizon
Biography: Shabeer Mohamed
Periodontitis is one of the most common immuno-inflammatory conditions afflicting man. It is characterised by the destruction of the tissues surrounding the teeth. There are various factors which may effect and modify the disease expression; namely, systemic, environmental, psychological and social factors. However, emerging evidence in the last decade has shed light on the powerful influence of an individual’s oral health to the patient’s systemic health. Periodontal Medicine is a rapidly emerging branch of Periodontology which studies the complex relationship of periodontal disease on various organ systems of the human body. Research has established that periodontal disease, especially severe periodontitis in early life, is a significant risk factor for a plethora of diseases like, Coronary Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Preterm Labour, Low Birth Weight Infants, Dementia, Endometriosis, Erectile Dysfunction, Metabolic Syndrome, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Cancer and so on. Thus it is clear that oral health plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of systemic health.
Consequently, conventional therapy had been focussed on reduction of the bacterial load around the tooth via non-surgical or surgical methods. However it is now understood that, although pathogenic bacteria are necessary for the initiation of the periodontal disease, they alone are not sufficient to cause the disease and a susceptible host is also imperative for the progression of the disease. Thus, there has been a paradigm shift from the conventional treatment modalities of reduction of bacterial load alone to newer techniques focussing on modulating the host response towards the disease.
In this presentation I would be familiarizing the audience with the pathogenesis of periodontal disease and its effects on various systemic conditions. I would also briefly explain about different treatment approaches and give an insight into host modulatory therapy, their modes of delivery and the latest researches on various indigenous substances that have been used.